Except for Ubuntu, every distro of Linux includes a terminal emulator as part of the default installation. It appears under different menus in the application menu launcher, but you are looking for an icon that looks like this . When you click on the icon, it will open a terminal window that is similar to the following:
The above window is from openSUSE, but they all look about the same. The normal background is black with white text, but you can change it to another color combination. When you need multiple terminals, you can open them as separate tabs, or separate windows. To close the terminal window, you can do one of the following:
- Enter the exit command
- Type <CTRL>D
- Close the window, with the standard window close button
Ubuntu does not come with a terminal emulator as part of the default installation. Instead, the System filter suggests a terminal emulator to install. This emulator is different from that used by other distros of Linux. Following is a screen shot of the suggested terminal emulator:
This terminal emulator is in three parts: the menu panel, the terminal emulator window, and the icon for the terminal emulator window. Closing the terminal emulator window is the same as above. However, the control panel remains. You must click the quit option to close the terminal control panel.
All the variations of a termiinal emulator still have one common function emulation of an ASCII console terminal. This is the same view that you get, when you boot the system without a graphical interface, whether it be as a console, or recovery mode. It is the same view that you get, when you connect to a remote Unix/Linux site via the ssh command. The major difference is that the terminal emulator is a graphical window. You are using a Graphical User Interface (GUI) to access the Command Line Interface (CLI).